tinien – Ecuador ; Argentinien – Kolumbien ; Brasilien – Uruguay ; Bolivien – Ecuador ; Chile – Argentinien ; Uruguay – Bolivien ; Argentinien. Argentinien, Chile, Paraguay und Brasilien. Von Ushuaia an die Copacabana. Highlights der Rundreise. faszinierende Metropolen Buenos Aires, Santiago de. Bis auf die Länder Chile und Ecuador hat Brasilien mit jedem anderen südamerikanischen Staat eine gemeinsame Grenze. Der Name Brasilien geht auf den. <
LändervergleichEntdecken sie Südamerika mit dieser Rundreise von Trails Reisen. Durchqueren Sie mit uns Chile, Bolivien und Brasilien. 13 Tage Südamerika-Rundreise Chile - Argentinien - Brasilien ab € Südamerikareise von Santiago de Chile nach Rio de Janeiro; Deutschsprechende. Bis auf die Länder Chile und Ecuador hat Brasilien mit jedem anderen südamerikanischen Staat eine gemeinsame Grenze. Der Name Brasilien geht auf den.
Chile Brasilien Contact us VideoBrazil vs Chile 1-1 Fifa World Cup 2014 Goals and Highlights (3-2) Penalties Brasilien Chile live resultater (og gratis video streaming på nettet) starter den kl. UTC tid i FIBA World Cup, Americas Qualifiers, Group B, International. Chile is an attractive market for Swiss SMEs and an ideal pilot country and hub in Latin America. Compared to other Latin countries, it offers political and economic stability, legal certainty and a business friendly environment. Chile (/ ˈ tʃ ɪ l i / (), / ˈ tʃ ɪ l eɪ /; Spanish:), officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: República de Chile (help · info)), is a country in western South camelot-inn.com occupies a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Chile covers an area of , square kilometres (, sq mi) and has a population of million as of
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Read more. Recommend us. Contact us. Contact details. Get in contact. Patrice Jacquier. How should we contact you? Call me back. After Pinochet obtained rule of the country, several hundred committed Chilean revolutionaries joined the Sandinista army in Nicaragua , guerrilla forces in Argentina or training camps in Cuba , Eastern Europe and Northern Africa.
In the late s, largely as a result of events such as the economic collapse  and mass civil resistance in —88, the government gradually permitted greater freedom of assembly, speech , and association, to include trade union and political activity.
Chile moved toward a free market economy that saw an increase in domestic and foreign private investment, although the copper industry and other important mineral resources were not opened for competition.
Chileans elected a new president and the majority of members of a bicameral congress on 14 December On 27 February , Chile was struck by an 8.
More than people died most from the ensuing tsunami and over a million people lost their homes.
The earthquake was also followed by multiple aftershocks. Chile achieved global recognition for the successful rescue of 33 trapped miners in A rescue effort organized by the Chilean government located the miners 17 days later.
All 33 men were brought to the surface two months later on 13 October over a period of almost 24 hours, an effort that was carried on live television around the world.
It entered into force in March After Pinochet's defeat in the plebiscite , the constitution was amended to ease provisions for future amendments to the Constitution.
In September , President Ricardo Lagos signed into law several constitutional amendments passed by Congress.
These include eliminating the positions of appointed senators and senators for life , granting the President authority to remove the commanders-in-chief of the armed forces, and reducing the presidential term from six to four years.
Senators serve for eight years with staggered terms, while deputies are elected every 4 years. The last congressional elections were held on 17 November , concurrently with the presidential election.
The current Senate has a 21—15 split in favor of the governing coalition and 2 independents. The current lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, contains 67 members of the governing center-left coalition, 48 from the center-right opposition and 5 from small parties or independents.
Chile's congressional elections are governed by a binomial system that, for the most part, rewards the two largest representations equally, often regardless of their relative popular support.
Only if the leading coalition ticket out-polls the second place coalition by a margin of more than 2-to-1 does the winning coalition gain both seats, which tends to lock the legislature in a roughly 50—50 split.
Chile's judiciary is independent and includes a court of appeal, a system of military courts, a constitutional tribunal, and the Supreme Court of Chile.
In June , Chile completed a nationwide overhaul of its criminal justice system. In the congressional elections, the conservative Independent Democratic Union UDI surpassed the Christian Democrats for the first time to become the largest party in the lower house.
In the legislative elections in Chile, the Communist Party won 3 out of seats in the Chamber of Deputies for the first time in 30 years the Communist Party was not allowed to exist as such during the dictatorship.
Chileans voted in the first round of presidential elections on 17 November None of the nine presidential candidates got more than 50 percent of the vote.
This was Chile's sixth presidential election since the end of the Pinochet era. All six have been judged free and fair.
The president is constitutionally barred from serving consecutive terms. Since the early decades after independence, Chile has always had an active involvement in foreign affairs.
In the country aggressively challenged the dominance of Peru's port of Callao for preeminence in the Pacific trade routes, defeating the short-lived alliance between Peru and Bolivia, the Peru-Bolivian Confederation —39 in the War of the Confederation.
The war dissolved the confederation while distributing power in the Pacific. A second international war, the War of the Pacific —83 , further increased Chile's regional role, while adding considerably to its territory.
During the 19th century, Chile's commercial ties were primarily with Britain, a nation that had a major influence on the formation of the Chilean navy.
The French influenced Chile's legal and educational systems and had a decisive impact on Chile, through the architecture of the capital in the boom years at the turn of the 20th century.
German influence came from the organization and training of the army by Prussians. Since its return to democracy in , Chile has been an active participant in the international political arena.
Jose Miguel Insulza, a Chilean national, was elected Secretary General of the Organization of American States in May and confirmed in his position, being re-elected in The country is an active member of the UN family of agencies and participates in UN peacekeeping activities.
An associate member of Mercosur and a full member of APEC, Chile has been a major player in international economic issues and hemispheric free trade.
There have been many arguments between Chileans and Peruvians since the s because they both claim boundary coastal lines.
This is also known as the "triangulation" which was made to fix the boundary problem between Chile and Peru. The decisions were accomplished on 27 January by the International Court of Justice  This became the War of the Pacific which was in the years — Chile had to control sea shipping to Peru and sent out an army to invade Peru on 8 October The attempt was also made to The United States but failed badly in October There was a resistance between Peruvians and Chileans for a few years because they could not reach an agreement.
This was later signed by both of them on 20 October to keep peace between them. In , Peru took Chile to court over their maritime disputes.
Then later in , the International Court of Justice's ruling resulted in Chile losing 80 miles from Northwestern ocean zone. The Chilean government has diplomatic relations with most countries.
It settled all its territorial disputes with Argentina during the s except for part of the border at Southern Patagonian Ice Field.
Chile and Bolivia severed diplomatic ties in over Bolivia's desire to regain sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean after losing it to Chile in the —83 War of the Pacific.
The two countries maintain consular relations and are represented at the Consul General level. In Chile was administratively divided into regions ,  and in subdivided into provinces and these into communes.
Each region is designated by a name and a Roman numeral assigned from north to south, except for the Santiago Metropolitan Region , which does not have a number.
The national flower is the copihue Lapageria rosea , Chilean bellflower , which grows in the woods of southern Chile. The coat of arms depicts the two national animals: the condor Vultur gryphus , a very large bird that lives in the mountains and the huemul Hippocamelus bisulcus, an endangered white tail deer.
The flag of Chile consists of two equal horizontal bands of white top and red; there is a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star in the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red stands for the blood spilled to achieve independence.
The flag of Chile is similar to the Flag of Texas , although the Chilean flag is 21 years older. The Armed Forces of Chile are subject to civilian control exercised by the president through the Minister of Defense.
The president has the authority to remove the commanders-in-chief of the armed forces. The Chilean Army is one of the most professional and technologically advanced armies in Latin America.
Of the fleet of 29 surface vessels, only eight are operational major combatants frigates. The Navy also operates four submarines based in Talcahuano.
The Air Force took delivery of the final two of ten Fs, all purchased from the U. Chile also took delivery in of a number of reconditioned Block 15 Fs from the Netherlands, bringing to 18 the total of Fs purchased from the Dutch.
After the military coup in September the Chilean national police Carabineros were incorporated into the Defense Ministry.
With the return of democratic government, the police were placed under the operational control of the Interior Ministry but remained under the nominal control of the Defense Ministry.
It is situated within the Pacific Ring of Fire. Chile is among the longest north—south countries in the world. If one considers only mainland territory, Chile is unique within this group in its narrowness from east to west, with the other long north—south countries including Brazil , Russia , Canada , and the United States, among others all being wider from east to west by a factor of more than However, this latter claim is suspended under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty , of which Chile is a signatory.
Also controlled but only temporarily inhabited by some local fishermen are the small islands of San Ambrosio and San Felix.
These islands are notable because they extend Chile's claim to territorial waters out from its coast into the Pacific Ocean.
The northern Atacama Desert contains great mineral wealth, primarily copper and nitrates. The relatively small Central Valley, which includes Santiago, dominates the country in terms of population and agricultural resources.
This area is also the historical center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it integrated the northern and southern regions.
Southern Chile is rich in forests, grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.
The Andes Mountains are located on the eastern border. The diverse climate of Chile ranges from the world's driest desert in the north—the Atacama Desert —through a Mediterranean climate in the center, humid subtropical in Easter Island, to an oceanic climate , including alpine tundra and glaciers in the east and south.
There are four seasons in most of the country: summer December to February , autumn March to May , winter June to August , and spring September to November.
The flora and fauna of Chile are characterized by a high degree of endemism, due to its particular geography. In continental Chile, the Atacama Desert in the north and the Andes mountains to the east are barriers that have led to the isolation of flora and fauna.
The native flora of Chile consists of relatively fewer species compared to the flora of other South American countries. The northernmost coastal and central region is largely barren of vegetation, approaching the most absolute desert in the world.
The central valley is characterized by several species of cacti, the hardy espinos , the Chilean pine , the southern beeches and the copihue , a red bell-shaped flower that is Chile's national flower.
Grassland is found in Atlantic Chile in Patagonia. Much of the Chilean flora is distinct from that of neighboring Argentina, indicating that the Andean barrier existed during its formation.
Some of Chile's flora has an Antarctic origin due to land bridges which formed during the Cretaceous ice ages, allowing plants to migrate from Antarctica to South America.
Just over 3, species of fungi are recorded in Chile,   but this number is far from complete. The true total number of fungal species occurring in Chile is likely to be far higher, given the generally accepted estimate that only about 7 percent of all fungi worldwide have so far been discovered.
Chile's geographical isolation has restricted the immigration of faunal life, so that only a few of the many distinctive South American animals are found.
Among the larger mammals are the puma or cougar, the llama-like guanaco and the fox-like chilla. In the forest region, several types of marsupials and a small deer known as the pudu are found.
There are many species of small birds, but most of the larger common Latin American types are absent. Few freshwater fish are native, but North American trout have been successfully introduced into the Andean lakes.
Whales are abundant, and some six species of seals are found in the area. Chile is located along a highly seismic and volcanic zone, part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, due to the subduction of the Nazca and Antarctic plates in the South American plate.
Late Paleozoic , million years ago, Chile belonged to the continental block called Gondwana. It was just a depression accumulated marine sediments began to rise at the end of the Mesozoic, 66 million years ago, due to the collision between the Nazca and South American plates, resulting in the Andes.
The territory would be shaped by millions of years due to the folding of the rocks, forming the current relief. Chile's highest peak is the Nevado Ojos del Salado , at Among the coastal mountains and the Pacific is a series of coastal plains, of variable length, which allow the settlement of coastal towns and big ports.
Some areas of the plains territories encompass territory east of the Andes, and the Patagonian steppes and Magellan, or are high plateaus surrounded by high mountain ranges, such as the Altiplano or Puna de Atacama.
It is characterized by the presence of the Atacama desert , the most arid in the world. The desert is fragmented by streams that originate in the area known as the pampas Tamarugal.
The Andes, split in two and whose eastern arm runs Bolivia , has a high altitude and volcanic activity, which has allowed the formation of the Andean altiplano and salt structures as the Salar de Atacama , due to the gradual accumulation of sediments over time.
To the south is the Norte Chico , extending to the Aconcagua river. The two mountain ranges intersect, virtually eliminating the intermediate depression.
The existence of rivers flowing through the territory allows the formation of transverse valleys , where agriculture has developed strongly in recent times, while the coastal plains begin to expand.
The Central area is the most populated region of the country. The coastal plains are wide and allow the establishment of cities and ports along the Pacific.
The Andes maintains altitudes above m but descend slowly starts approaching the meters on average. The intermediate depression reappears becoming a fertile valley that allows agricultural development and human settlement, due to sediment accumulation.
To the south, the Cordillera de la Costa reappears in the range of Nahuelbuta while glacial sediments originate a series of lakes in the area of La Frontera.
During the last glaciation , this area was covered by ice that strongly eroded Chilean relief structures. The Andes mountain range loses height and erosion caused by the action of glaciers has caused fjords.
East of the Andes, on the continent, or north of it, on the island of Tierra del Fuego are located relatively flat plains, which in the Strait of Magellan cover large areas.
In the middle of the Pacific, the country has sovereignty over several islands of volcanic origin, collectively known as Insular Chile. Of these, we highlight the archipelago of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, which is located in the fracture zone between the Nazca plate and the Pacific plate known as East Pacific Rise.
Due to the characteristics of the territory, Chile is crossed by numerous rivers generally short in length and with low torrential flow.
In the center-north of the country, the number of rivers that form valleys of agricultural importance increases. Their waters mainly flow from Andean snowmelt in the summer and winter rains.
The major lakes in this area are the artificial lake Rapel, the Colbun Maule lagoon and the lagoon of La Laja. Chile's census reported a population of 17,, Its rate of population growth has been decreasing since , due to a declining birth rate.
The largest agglomerations according to the census are Greater Santiago with 5. Despite the genetic considerations, many Chileans, if asked, would self-identify as White.
The census reported , Natives, or 3. Only those that practiced their native culture or spoke their native language were considered to be Natives, irrespective of their "racial purity".
Of that number, Chile is one of 22 countries to have signed and ratified the only binding international law concerning indigenous peoples, the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, Chile ratified it in A Chilean court decision in November considered to be a landmark ruling on indigenous rights and made use of the convention.
The earliest European immigrants were Spanish colonisers who arrived in the 16th century. In the 18th and 19th centuries, many Basques came to Chile where they integrated into the existing elites of Castilian origin.
Postcolonial Chile was never a particularly attractive destination for migrants, owing to its remoteness and distance from Europe.
Most of the immigrants to Chile during the 19th and 20th centuries came from France ,  Great Britain ,  Germany ,  and Croatia ,  among others.
Descendants of different European ethnic groups often intermarried in Chile. This intermarriage and mixture of cultures and races have helped to shape the present society and culture of the Chilean middle and upper classes.
As of [update] , The Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of religion , and other laws and policies contribute to generally free religious practice.
The law at all levels fully protects this right against abuse by either governmental or private actors. Church and state are officially separate in Chile.
A law on religion prohibits religious discrimination. However, the Roman Catholic church for mostly historical and social reasons enjoys a privileged status and occasionally receives preferential treatment.
The Spanish spoken in Chile is distinctively accented and quite unlike that of neighboring South American countries because final syllables are often dropped, and some consonants have a soft pronunciation.
That the Chilean population was largely formed in a small section at the center of the country and then migrated in modest numbers to the north and south helps explain this relative lack of differentiation, which was maintained by the national reach of radio, and now television, which also helps to diffuse and homogenize colloquial expressions.
After the Spanish invasion, Spanish took over as the lingua franca and the indigenous languages have become minority languages, with some now extinct or close to extinction.
German is still spoken to some extent in southern Chile,  either in small country side pockets or as a second language among the communities of larger cities.
Through initiatives such as the English Opens Doors Program , the government made English mandatory for students in fifth-grade and above in public schools.
Most private schools in Chile start teaching English from kindergarten. In Chile, education begins with preschool until the age of 5.
Primary school is provided for children between ages 6 and Students then attend secondary school until graduation at age Secondary education is divided into two parts: During the first two years, students receive a general education.
Finally, external but preventable factors such as car accidents, violence and suicide caused The Federal Constitution and the Law of Guidelines and Bases of National Education determine that the Union , the states , the Federal District , and the municipalities must manage and organize their respective education systems.
Each of these public educational systems is responsible for its own maintenance, which manages funds as well as the mechanisms and funding sources.
According to the IBGE , in , the literacy rate of the population was Higher education starts with undergraduate or sequential courses , which may offer different options of specialization in academic or professional careers.
Depending on the choice, students can improve their educational background with courses of post-graduate studies or broad sense. Attending an institution of higher education is required by Law of Guidelines and Bases of Education.
Kindergarten , elementary and medium education are required of all students, provided the student does not hold any disability, whether physical, mental , visual or hearing.
Of the top 20 Latin American universities, eight are Brazilian. Most of them are public. Brazil's private institutions tend to be more exclusive and offer better quality education, so many high-income families send their children there.
The result is a segregated educational system that reflects extreme income disparities and reinforces social inequality. However, efforts to change this are making impacts.
The Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro , the first newspaper published in the country, began to circulate on 10 September Radio broadcasting began on 7 September , with a speech by then President Pessoa, and was formalized on 20 April with the creation of "Radio Society of Rio de Janeiro.
The first census in Brazil was carried out in and recorded a population of 9,, In the s the annual population growth rate was 2.
In , the illiteracy rate was It was highest In , the National Indian Foundation estimated that Brazil has 67 different uncontacted tribes, up from their estimate of 40 in Brazil is believed to have the largest number of uncontacted peoples in the world.
Race and ethnicity in Brazil   . Brazilian society is more markedly divided by social class lines , although a high income disparity is found between race groups , so racism and classism can be conflated.
Socially significant closeness to one racial group is taken in account more in the basis of appearance phenotypes rather than ancestry, to the extent that full siblings can pertain to different "racial" groups.
The brown population officially called pardo in Portuguese, also colloquially moreno   is a broad category that includes caboclos assimilated Amerindians in general, and descendants of Whites and Natives , mulatos descendants of primarily Whites and Afro-Brazilians and cafuzos descendants of Afro-Brazilians and Natives.
About five million people from over 60 countries migrated to Brazil between and , most of them of Portuguese , Italian , Spanish , German , Ukrainian , Polish , Jewish , Russian , Chinese , Japanese , and Arab origin.
Religion in Brazil Census. Roman Catholicism is the country's predominant faith. Brazil has the world's largest Catholic population.
Religion in Brazil was formed from the meeting of the Catholic Church with the religious traditions of enslaved African peoples and indigenous peoples.
Other Protestant branches with a notable presence in the country include the Baptists , Seventh-day Adventists , Lutherans and the Reformed tradition.
However, in the last ten years Protestantism, particularly in forms of Pentecostalism and Evangelicalism, has spread in Brazil, while the proportion of Catholics has dropped significantly.
The agreement confirmed norms that were normally complied with regarding religious education in public elementary schools which also ensures the teaching of other beliefs , marriage and spiritual assistance in prisons and hospitals.
The project was criticized by parliamentarians who understood the end of the secular state with the approval of the agreement.
The official language of Brazil is Portuguese  Article 13 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Brazil , which almost all of the population speaks and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes.
Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking nation in the Americas, making the language an important part of Brazilian national identity and giving it a national culture distinct from those of its Spanish-speaking neighbors.
Brazilian Portuguese has had its own development, mostly similar to 16th-century Central and Southern dialects of European Portuguese  despite a very substantial number of Portuguese colonial settlers, and more recent immigrants , coming from Northern regions , and in minor degree Portuguese Macaronesia , with a few influences from the Amerindian and African languages , especially West African and Bantu restricted to the vocabulary only.
These differences are comparable to those between American and British English. In , the Community of Portuguese Language Countries CPLP , which included representatives from all countries with Portuguese as the official language, reached an agreement on the reform of the Portuguese orthography to unify the two standards then in use by Brazil on one side and the remaining lusophone countries on the other.
This spelling reform went into effect in Brazil on 1 January In Portugal, the reform was signed into law by the President on 21 July allowing for a six-year adaptation period, during which both orthographies will co-exist.
The remaining CPLP countries are free to establish their own transition timetables. The sign language law legally recognized in ,  the law was regulated in  the use of the Brazilian Sign Language , more commonly known by its Portuguese acronym LIBRAS, in education and government services.
The language must be taught as a part of the education and speech and language pathology curricula. Schools and health services must provide access " inclusion " to deaf people.
Minority languages are spoken throughout the nation. One hundred and eighty Amerindian languages are spoken in remote areas and a significant number of other languages are spoken by immigrants and their descendants.
There are significant communities of German mostly the Brazilian Hunsrückisch , a High German language dialect and Italian mostly the Talian , a Venetian dialect origins in the Southern and Southeastern regions, whose ancestors' native languages were carried along to Brazil, and which, still alive there, are influenced by the Portuguese language.
Brazil is the first country in South America to offer Esperanto to secondary students. The core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture , because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese Empire.
The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African , indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions. Brazilian art has developed since the 16th century into different styles that range from Baroque the dominant style in Brazil until the early 19th century   to Romanticism , Modernism , Expressionism , Cubism , Surrealism and Abstractionism.
Brazilian cinema dates back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century and has gained a new level of international acclaim since the s.
The architecture of Brazil is influenced by Europe, especially Portugal. It has a history that goes back years to the time when Pedro Cabral discovered Brazil in Portuguese colonial architecture was the first wave of architecture to go to Brazil.
Then in the 20th century especially in Brasilia, Brazil experimented with Modernist architecture. The colonial architecture of Brazil dates to the early 16th century when Brazil was first explored, conquered and settled by the Portuguese.
The Portuguese built architecture familiar to them in Europe in their aim to colonize Brazil. They built Portuguese colonial architecture which included churches, civic architecture including houses and forts in Brazilian cities and the countryside.
During 19th century Brazilian architecture saw the introduction of more European styles to Brazil such as Neoclassical and Gothic Revival architecture.
This was usually mixed with Brazilian influences from their own heritage which produced a unique form of Brazilian architecture. In the s the modernist architecture was introduced when Brasilia was built as new federal capital in the interior of Brazil to help develop the interior.
The architect Oscar Niemeyer idealized and built government buildings, churches and civic buildings in the modernist style.
The music of Brazil was formed mainly from the fusion of European and African elements. Popular music since the late eighteenth century began to show signs of forming a characteristically Brazilian sound, with samba considered the most typical and on the UNESCO cultural heritage list.
Choro is a very popular music instrumental style. Its origins are in 19th-century Rio de Janeiro. In spite of the name, the style often has a fast and happy rhythm, characterized by virtuosity, improvisation, subtle modulations and full of syncopation and counterpoint.
Alencar, in his long career, also treated indigenous people as heroes in the Indigenist novels O Guarani , Iracema and Ubirajara.
Brazilian cuisine varies greatly by region, reflecting the country's varying mix of indigenous and immigrant populations.
This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences. A typical meal consists mostly of rice and beans with beef , salad , french fries and a fried egg.
Fried potatoes, fried cassava, fried banana, fried meat and fried cheese are very often eaten in lunch and served in most typical restaurants.
Brazil has a variety of desserts such as brigadeiros chocolate fudge balls , bolo de rolo roll cake with goiabada , cocada a coconut sweet , beijinhos coconut truffles and clove and romeu e julieta cheese with goiabada.
While there were national film productions during the early 20th century, American films such as Rio the Magnificent were made in Rio de Janeiro to promote tourism in the city.
Rocha's films Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol and Terra em Transe are considered to be some of the greatest and most influential in Brazilian film history.
The theatre in Brazil has its origins in the period of Jesuit expansion when theater was used for the dissemination of Catholic doctrine in the 16th century.
Always in this period the comedy of costume and comic production was imposed. At the end of the 19th century orchestrated dramaturgias became very popular and were accompanied with songs of famous artists like the conductress Chiquinha Gonzaga.
Already in the early 20th century there was the presence of theaters, entrepreneurs and actor companies, but paradoxically the quality of the products staggered, and only in the Brazilian theater received a boost of renewal thanks to the action of Paschoal Carlos Magno and his student's theater, the comedians group and the Italian actors Adolfo Celi , Ruggero Jacobbi and Aldo Calvo, founders of the Teatro Brasileiro de Comedia.
From the s it was attended by a theater dedicated to social and religious issues and to the flourishing of schools of dramatic art.
The most prominent authors at this stage were Jorge Andrade and Ariano Suassuna. Brazilian painting emerged in the late 16th century,  influenced by Baroque , Rococo , Neoclassicism , Romanticism , Realism , Modernism , Expressionism , Surrealism , Cubism and Abstracionism making it a major art style called Brazilian academic art.
Upon the creation of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts , new artistic movements spread across the country during the 19th century and later the event called Week of Modern Art broke definitely with academic tradition in and started a nationalist trend which was influenced by modernist arts.
The most popular sport in Brazil is football. Volleyball , basketball , auto racing , and martial arts also attract large audiences.
In auto racing, three Brazilian drivers have won the Formula One world championship eight times. Some sport variations have their origins in Brazil: beach football ,  futsal indoor football  and footvolley emerged in Brazil as variations of football.
In martial arts, Brazilians developed Capoeira ,  Vale tudo ,  and Brazilian jiu-jitsu. At the event, the Brazil national basketball team won one of its two world championship titles.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country in South America. For other uses, see Brazil disambiguation.
Largest country in South America. Main article: Name of Brazil. Main articles: History of Brazil and Timeline of Brazilian history. Cave painting at Serra da Capivara National Park , one of the largest and oldest concentrations of prehistoric sites in the Americas.
That culture appeared to flourish between AD and AD, based on archeological studies. Main articles: Independence of Brazil and Empire of Brazil.
Main articles: Military dictatorship in Brazil and History of Brazil since M41s along the Avenida Presidente Vargas during the military government.
Protesters climbed the National Congress during the massive protests. Main article: Geography of Brazil. Main article: Climate of Brazil.
Lear's macaw , endemic to Raso da Catarina , Bahia. The Amazon rainforest , the most biodiverse rainforest in the world.
Main article: Brazilian Armed Forces. Brazilian Army Astros Main article: Foreign relations of Brazil. Main articles: Law enforcement in Brazil and Crime in Brazil.
Main articles: States of Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil. See also: Regions of Brazil. Atlantic Ocean.
Pacific Ocean. North Region. Northeast Region. Central-West Region. Southeast Region. South Region. Rio Grande do Norte. Mato Grosso.
Mato Grosso do Sul. Federal District. Minas Gerais. Rio de Janeiro. Santa Catarina. Rio Grande do Sul. French Guiana. Main article: Economy of Brazil.
Brazil is the second largest agricultural exporter in the world. The KC , developed by Embraer. P, an oil platform of Petrobras.
Main article: Energy in Brazil. Main article: Tourism in Brazil. Bonito , Mato Grosso do Sul. The rivers in the region are known for their crystal clear waters.
The city of Rio de Janeiro is featured in tourism in Brazil. The Garganta do Diabo Walkway allows a panoramic view of the falls from the Brazilian side.
Main article: Science and technology in Brazil. Main article: Transport in Brazil. Port of Santos , the busiest port in Latin America. Main article: Health in Brazil.
Main article: Education in Brazil. Main articles: Telecommunications in Brazil and Television in Brazil. Main articles: Demographics of Brazil and Brazilians.
See also: Immigration to Brazil and List of Brazilian states by population density. Main article: Race and ethnicity in Brazil.
Pardo Multiracial Black 7. Asian 1. Natives 0. Main article: Religion in Brazil. Protestantism Spiritism 2. Other 3. No religion 8.
Main articles: List of largest cities in Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil. Largest urban agglomerations in Brazil Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates   .
Main article: Culture of Brazil. Main article: Architecture of Brazil. The Cathedral of Brasilia , an example of Modern architecture. Main article: Music of Brazil.
Heitor Villa-Lobos , the most widely known South American composer. Main article: Brazilian literature. Machado de Assis , poet and novelist, founder of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Carlos Drummond de Andrade , considered by some as the greatest Brazilian poet. Main article: Brazilian cuisine.
See also: List of Brazilian dishes. Brigadeiro is a national candy and one most and is recognized as one of the main dishes of Brazilian cuisine.
Main article: Cinema of Brazil. Festival de Gramado , the biggest film festival in the country. Interior of the Teatro Amazonas , in Manaus.
Main article: Brazilian painting. Main article: Sport in Brazil. Brazil portal South America portal. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 29 January Brazilian Government.
Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 8 October Archived from the original PDF on 17 February Retrieved 7 April Retrieved 7 August Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 10 August Retrieved 30 August International Monetary Fund.
Retrieved 13 January World Bank. Retrieved 22 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 9 December A History of Modern Brazil: — Stanford University Press.
Gentag password:. Glemt brugernavn eller password? BetXpert anvender cookies. Accepter cookies. VM Brasilien. VM Peru 2. IVL Brasilien.
IVL Peru. VM Venezuela. VM Chile. VM Uruguay.This highlights trip features three dynamic cities: Santiago in Chile, Buenos Aires in Argentina and Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. It takes you across the continent from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean, visiting some of the most impressive sights along the way. Brazil and Chile living comparison. Explore similarities and differences. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile while the Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in , decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until Search the InterNations Places database for Chile to get information on institutions from your home country, including the Brazilian embassy. From the world-famous Pan-American Highway to the rich and verdant districts of Central Valley, we’ll help you connect with supportive and friendly Brazilian expats in Chile. What companies run services between Brazil and Chile? LATAM Chile, Gol Transportes Aéreos and Aerolíneas Argentinas fly from Brasília to Maipú 5 times a day. Alternatively, you can take a bus from São Paulo to Santiago via Portuguesa-tietê, São Paulo – Tietê, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago, and Estación Central in around 2 days 0h. Colombia stars James Rodriguez and Radamel Falcao have been omitted for a pair of friendlies against Chile and Algeria, coach Carlos Queiroz said on Tuesday. more»